In 1975, the National Academy of Sciences estimated that ocean-based sources, such as cargo ships and cruise liners, had dumped 14 billion pounds of garbage into the ocean. Over 1 million seabirds and 100,000 sea mammals are killed by pollution every year. Research shows that air pollution gravely affects these ecosystems. Air pollutants, such as sulfur, may lead to excess amounts of acid in lakes and streams and, thus, damage trees and the forest bed. Nitrogen in the hydrosphere can harm fish and other aquatic life when deposited on surface waters. When sediment and other pollutants enter the water, they smother coral reefs, speed up the growth of damaging algae and lower the water quality. Pollution can also make corals more susceptible to disease, impede coral growth and reproduction, and cause changes in the food structures on the reef.
Bitarka Majumder was born in West Bengal in 1990. She completed her BFA and MFA degrees in printmaking in 2012 and 2014, respectively, from Rabindra Bharati University, Kolkata. Bitarka is hearing-impaired and leads a simple life. She has been a full-time practicing artist for the last 7 years. For her recent works she has tried to draw the viewer’s attention through the spontaneous flow of colours and lines. She considers geometric forms such as circles, triangles, rectangles, repetitive forms and patterns to be the strength of her compositions and tries to encapsulate her emotions in her work through the various forms, shapes, designs and unique textures.
Her paintings and printmaking mostly lay emphasis on natural life. In her use of the pen, the ink, the pastels and the pencils, she aims to ensure the natural world finds a place beyond the boundaries of her work, which tends to endorse an eco-friendly mode of art, especially because she prefers painting on acid-free paper. Most of the time, the major areas of her paper are monotones.
Bitarka’s project is concerned with portraying the environment and the ecosystem, using eco-friendly art supplies, the primary focus being on marine and sea animals, coral reefs, the effect of urbanization on the environment, among other things. Her research and art concerns itself with the negative impact of anthropocentric urbanization. She essentially explores the feeling of Nature and Environment through colour.
Bitarka’s work is characterized by an incessant experimentation with form, color and texture – focusing primarily on form and colour as more significant in constituting aquatic life and urbanization in the visual form. The medium of her work is mixed media on acid free paper of various sizes. Her paintings and the rough surface on which I work are a reflection of her inner world, where she can freely express herself. The subject matter of her compositions are based on dreams, which arise out of thoughts of the conscious and the subconscious mind, and are substantial to human life as they reveal the innermost thoughts and desires of the human mind. She tries to express duality in my paintings, as they tend to lead from one identity to another. Each individual work may be seen as a soliloquy.